After the timeless revolution of At-Taf, there were many revolutions including the revolution of Mukhtar Al-Thaqafi, which main reason was to take revenge on those who killed the Master of martyrs Aba Abdillah Al-Hussayn (peace be upon him), as well as the need for change in the method and foundations of the ruling to the Islamic foundations according to the perspective of Ahl Al-Bayt (peace be upon them), in order to realise the dissemination of justice and to remove oppression and injustice done to the weak and helpless.
In such day; fourteenth of Rabi' Ath-Thani from the year 66 AH, the revolution of Mukhtar Ibn Abi Obeid Al-Thaqafi began under the slogan: "Ya li Tharat Al-Hussayn (peace be upon him)".
Al-Mukhtar grew up in an noble family, his father was Abu Obeid Ibn Mas'ud Ibn 'Amru Ibn 'Umayr Ibn 'Awf Ibn 'Uqdah Ibn Ghayra Ibn 'Awf Ibn Thaqeef Al-Thaqafi, and his mother was Dawma daughter of 'Amru Ibn Wahab Ibn Ma'tab and she was one of the heads of eloquence and rhetoric, opinion and wisdom.
Al-Mukhtar was in his childhood living under the auspices of the commander of the Faithful (peace be upon him), and he foretold him that he will be the one leading a rebellion in vengence of the martyrdom of his son Al-Hussayn (peace be upon him). Asbagh bin Nubata narrates that one day Imam Ali (peace be upon him) seated Mukhtar on his knees and addressed him by saying, "O Kayyis, O Kayyis." Therefore, Al-Mukhtar knew he was the one taking the revenge of Al-Hussayn (peace be upon him), and was telling it before the people after the martyrdom of Imam Al-Hussayn (peace be upon him, until it reached Al-Hajjaj the governor of the Umayyad on Iraq, so he imprisoned him and tried to kill him many times but he could not do it.
He was then exposed to detention with fourteen of the notables of Kufa, and that was when Ziyad Ibn Abeeh (Ibn Abi sufyan) was appointed as the new governor of Kufa. In prison, he was only getting bad news until he heard the news of the great tragedy, the major massacre in which Al-Hussayn, his family and companions (peace be upon them) were slaughtered and their pure blood was shed on the land of Karbala. Mukhtar's wounds were getting deeper and their anger was getting intense, especially with the feelings of remorse and dereliction towards the Holy Household of the Messenger of Allah (Allah's prayers be upon him and his holy Household).
Having left prison, Mukhtar with his inimitable personality, began calling up the dissidents people of the states of the Umayyad and Zubayri to punish the persons who committed the Karbala massacre, especially the Ibn Zubayr hired the killers of Imam Al-Hussayn (peace be upon him) for the management of the affairs of Kufa. The revolutionaries fixed time to announce the revolution. The time was Thursday night, Rabi' Ath-Thani 14th, 66 A.H.
He seized the Emirate Palace, and controlled the entire land of Kufa after four days of hit-and-run, he sat in the palace to receive the people pledging allegiance to him, then he fully dominated Kufa and sent his governors to the realms of Kufa and its affiliated areas.
The Almighty has bestowed upon Al-Mukhtar Al-Thaqafi to take a part of the revenge of Al-Hussayn (peace be upon him) despite that they have killed approximately 18000 of those who contributed to the killing of Al-Hussayn in the tragedy of Karbala.
There is a narration which has been related by Kashi in his book, it says, “When Ubaidullah bin-Ziyad and Umar bin Saad heads were brought to Imam Zayn Al-'Abideen (peace be upon him), the Imam prostrated praising and thanking Allah and praying for Mukhtar and wishing him well.” And it is narrated from Imam Al-Baqer (peace be upon him) that he said: "Do not insult al-Mukhtar for verily he killed our killers and sought our revenge. And he got our widows married and divided the property amongst us upon destitution."
And when Abu’l-Hakam, son of Mukhtar, came to Imam Al-Baqer (peace be upon him), the Imam (peace be upon him) showed him a great deal of respect. Abu’l-Hakam asked about his father, saying: “The people are talking about my father, but your view, whatever it is, is the criterion.” At that moment the Imam (peace be upon him) praised Mukhtar and prayed for God to have mercy on him, saying: “Glory be to Allah! My father said that the dowry of my mother was from what Mukhtar has sent to my father.” And the Imam (peace be upon him) said many times: “May God have mercy upon your father! He did not allow for our right to be trampled. He killed our murderers and did not permit our blood to be disregarded.”
And it is narrated from Imam As-Sadeq (peace be upon him), He said: "The women of the Bani Hashim didn't comb and color (their hair) (i.e. beautify themselves) until Al-Mukhtar sent us the heads of those (who) killed Al-Hussayn (peace be upon him)."
Al-Mukhtar (may Allah be pleased with him) was martyred on the fourteenth of the month of Ramadan in 67 AH, after fighting bravely Mus'ab Ibn Zubayr and his army, under the commands of his brother Abdullah ibn Al-Zubayr who sent him to Iraq to avenge Al-Mukhtar.