In the fifteenth of the sacred month of Rajab, the Islamic nation commemorate the sad death anniversary of the Saint Lady Zaynab (Peace be upon her), the beloved daughter of the Commander of the Faithful and Lady Az-Zahra (peace be upon both of them), who was known by her pride and great personality like her grandmother Lady Khadija (peace be upon her), and by her chastity and modesty like her mother Lady Fatima Az-Zahra (peace be upon her), and by her eloquence like her father Ali (peace be upon him), and by her patience and forbearance like her brother Al-Hassan (peace be upon him), and by her courage and composure like her brother Al-Hussayn (peace be upon him).
It is narrated that when the Holy Prophet (Allah's prayers be upon him and his holy Household) received the news of this blissful child he hurried with spiritless power to the house of his daughter, feeling sad. He took her while his tears were shining on his delightful face and hugged her then started to kiss frequently. The holy prophet (Allah's prayers be upon him and his holy Household) knew what will happen to his granddaughter of cruel disasters which would make a mountains melt. She will be tested with matters than no other woman had.
Zaynab daughter of Imam Ali (peace be upon both of them) was the spokesperson and the eloquent sermonizer of the tragic bloody event of At-Taf and the journey of captivity after it. She (peace be upon her) played the role of media, speaking about the reckless and evil ruling of Bani Umayyah, their crimes and vices, and their killing of the pure household of the Holy Prophet (prayers and Allah's peace be upon him and his holy Household) wherever they found them. So she (peace be upon her) stood to expose their evil acts and reveal their intentions, and without any fear, she (peace be upon her) stood up to deliver her speech as captive to the crowds of Kufa people, she scolded and reprimanded them for repealing and non-fulfilling their promises to Aba Abdillah Al-Hussayn (peace be upon him).
She (peace be upon her) confronted the tyrants of her time Ubaydullah Ibnu Zyad in Kufa, and Yazeed Ibnu Mu'awiyah in Syria, she was a heroine by her words, patience, courage and wisdom. Her bravery (peace be upon her) was not the result of Karbala event, but it is a self-rooted quality in her personality, as she (peace be upon her) inherited it from her parents and ancestors, who all were the example of pride, steadfastness and bravery in the battlefields. She (peace be upon her) is a sprig of the Mohammadian tree, her father (peace be upon him) was the most brave and her mother (peace be upon her) stood up confident and eloquent while her heart was full of sorrows after the death of her father (prayers and Allah's peace be upon him and his holy Household).
Lady Zaynab (peace be upon her) has many epithets, which all can't give her the adequate praise, and all words are not able to describe her qualities. Her most important epithets are: "Aqeela [the most respected of] Bani Hashem, Al-'Alemah [Knowledgeable], 'Abidat Aal Ali [The worshipper of the progeny of Ali], Al-Kamilah [The completed], Al-Fadilah [The virtuous], Oum Al-Masa'eb [The mother of calamities], Aqeelat [the most respected of] Quraysh, Na'ebat [The delegate of] Az-Zahra, Batalat [The heroine of] Karbala, Ka'bat Al-Razaya [of calamities], Ka'bat Al-Ahzan [of sorrows], Kafelat Al-aytam [The orphans' foster], Al-'Aqeelah Al-Kubra [The most respected], waliyat Allah Al-'Udhmza, Assiddeeqatu Al-Soghra, the ascetic captive, the virtuous devout worshipper, the full rational, the forbearing weeper, the courageous captive, the oppressed, Haydar's daughter, the Daughter of Talibiyyin, the one ordering the good, the loved of Al-Mustafa, the apple of the eye of Al-Murtada, The most pure in the love, the teacher without being taught, the one who understands without explanation, the sister of Al-Hassan Al-Mujtaba, the one which knowledge and certainty "yaqeen" is complete, the owner of the special deputy-ship, the partner of Al-Hussayn the master of martyrs..."
She (peace be upon her) was married to her cousin Abdullah son of Ja'far Ibn Abi Taleb (peace be upon them), and she had many children who are: 'Awn and Mohammad who were martyred on the day of Ashura with Aba Abdillah Al-Hussayn (peace be upon him), 'Abbas, Ali and Umm Kulthum.
Lady Zaynab (peace be upon her) did not live long after the tragedy of Karbala, and she died the most likely on Sunday the fourteenth of Rajab 62 AH, to let her heart that was torn with the disasters to have peace and to her suffering body to rest. And she was the one about whom Imam As-Sajjad (peace be upon him) said: "The knowledgeable without being taught, the understanding without explanation."
Among the great blessings of Lady Zaynab (peace be upon her) that many places in the world claim the honor of embracing her grave and resting place, as in more than one country, one can find shrines, minarets and domes with her name seeking the blessings of this great person.
Her holy shrine is located on the south East side by seven kilometers from Damascus in Syria, and the whole area became known by the name of Lady Zaynab (peace be upon her). Her shrine is filled every day by crowds of visitors from all over the world seeking her blessings.