After the tragedy of Ashura.. Departure of the captives from Karbala

On the eleventh of Muharram in the year 61 A.H., the procession of the captives of Ahl al-Bayt (peace be upon them) moved from the holy city of Karbala towards the city of Kufa.

Ibn Sa’d sent the severed heads to the governor ibn Ziyad in Kufa with an advanced party. The severe heads were distributed to various tribes that used them as means to seek favour with Ibn Ziyad. The Kindah tribe took thirteen brought by their envoy, Qays Ibn al-Ash’ath.

The Hawazin tribe brought twelve with their “man,” Shimr Ibn Dhi al-Jawshan. The Tamim tribe brought seventeen; the Banu Asad tribe brought sixteen; the Mathhaj tribe brought seven, and the other tribes brought the rest.

Ibn Sa’d himself remained with the remaining army in Karbala until the afternoon of the eleventh of Muharram. During his stay, he arranged to recover the corpses of his dead soldiers. He performed the Prayer of the Dead over and buried them. However, the beheaded and trampled bodies of the martyrs were left lying in the battlefield, unwashed, unshrouded and unburied.

It is narrated that Lady Zaynab (peace be upon her) saw Imam al-Hussayn (peace be upon him) on the ground, she called out to her grandfather and said: "O Mohammad! The Lord of the sky has prayed upon you, and this is al-Hussayn stripped, sanded with blood, his limbs are dismembered, and your daughters are captives and your offspring is killed...!"

The severed heads of some of the martyrs were carried on lances, while the heads of some others were hung on the necks of horses. Yazid’s men forcibly snatched the ornaments and jewels from the women and children. The noble women were deprived of their veils and head coverings and made to travel on the bare backs of camels. The camels themselves were prodded into a fast trot, so that the wretched soldiers might collect their rewards at the earliest. Several children died due to slipping and falling from camels. The children were tied to bare backs of camels to prevent them from falling down on the way. They suffered severe injuries due to the friction of camel hide and the tight ropes tied to their legs. Imam as-Sajjad (peace be upon him) was chained, handcuffed, and made to walk barefooted all the way from Karbala to Damascus.
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