Peace be upon you, O son of Imam Ar-Reda! Peace be upon you O the pious, bright, pleasing and pleased Imam! O Allah's Argument against all those who are on earth and those who are beneath the ground! O Master of believers Mohammad ibn Ali Al-Jawad! Peace be upon you the day you were born, the day you were poisoned and left on the roof of your house martyr, and the day you will raise alive!
When Ma'mun died, Mu’tasim ascended the throne. He (Mu’tasim), like his Abbasid ancestors, got an opportunity to persecute the Imam and to ventilate spite and malice against him. Therefore, he exiled Imam Al-Jawad (peace be upon him) from Madina to Baghdad in the year 219 A.H., for fear of his popularity and extending his effect.
Indeed, Imam Al-Jawad (peace be upon him) had not choice, and so upon introducing his son, Imam Hadi (peace be upon him) as his successor. In the last two years of Imam Al-Jawad’s (peace be upon him) life, the Imam was under an even more severe surveillance by the military forces of Mu’tasim. Yet despite this restraint, the Imam (peace be upon him) would prove his Imamate to others through his presence in scholarly and scientific debates and through his gifted powers and generosities.
Apart from all said, Mu’tasim would continue to devise plans for murdering Imam Al-Jawad (peace be upon him). He, then ordered the Imam’s wife Umm al-Fadl, daughter of Ma'mun to poison him. Mu’tasim poisoned the grapes and gave them to Umm al-Fadl who fed them to the Imam (peace be upon him). He was severely thirsty for the effect of that poison, but she also prevented him from drinking water, and so he died thirsty like his grandfather, the Master of martyrs (peace be upon him), was martyred thirsty.
His short life lasted twenty five years and some months, and was full of historical, ideological and scholarly struggle and achievements.
The Holy Imam (peace be upon him) was martyred in Baghdad at th end of Dhu Al-Qi'dah, in the year 220 A.H and was buried in the graveyard of Quraish behind his grandfather, Imam Musa Ibn Ja'far (peace be upon them) the seventh holy Imam. His son the 10th Imam, Imam Hadi (Peace be upon him) buried him.
Imam Al-Jawad (peace be upon him) was the unprecedented miracle of his time. He undertook the responsibilities of imamate after his father when he was only nine. It was a matter that raised meditation and wonder even by the followers of Imam Ar-Reda (peace be upon him) when he was asked about his successor and he pointed to his young child.
Imam Al-Jawad (peace be Upon him) said: "Take patience as your pillow, hug poverty, discard lusts, oppose your self-desire and know that you are seen by God, so look how you are."
He (peace be upon him) also said: "He who detested a matter that he witnessed is as same as those who were absent from it, and he who was absent from a matter that he loved is as same as those who witnessed it."
And Imam Al-Jawad (peace be upon him) said: "He whoever listens to a caller is serving him. If the caller was God’s representative, he is then serving God. If the caller was the Satan’s representative, he is then serving the Satan."