The main points stated in the second sermon of Friday prayer of the 22nd of Rabi' Awwal 1440 AH, corresponding to November 30, 2018, which was held in the holy shrine of Imam al-Hussayn (peace be upon him) and led by Sayed Ahmad al-Safi, were:
Every society has problems, but many of those problems have trivial causes, as if they were treated conveniently, they would not lead to such serious problems.
The Man-made laws and the divine laws have put forward rules, and whoever do not respect them has to bear the consequences. And both laws don’t allow causing any type of harm to others.
God has granted the human beings a mind, which guides us and regulates our reactions and behaviors. So the mind ensures the balance within us and show us what is right and what is wrong.
The problem lies in the society’s atmosphere that, sometimes, leads one to do something he is not convinced to do, but one might do so because they either want to get along with the society, are afraid of something, or have been raised immorally, and if such a person – who behaves immorally – is put in a place alone and shown their unacceptable demeanor, they will not accept that and say, “I should never do such things.”
Imam Ali (Peace be upon him) indicates that the value of the human being lies in their mind, and the human mind (intelligence) is not comparable to richness. The mind guides the human to behave appropriately. A rational enemy is better than an ignorant friend, for it is possible to deal with the rational enemy, but not with the ignorant friend.
Poorness is neither shame not a problem, for there have been many prophets, clerics, and reformers who lived a poor life. Some of those poor people would read in the moonlight, because they couldn’t afford buying fuel for a lantern. Shame is when one is ignorant; an ignorant person is deemed the poorest human, and ignorance can end when knowledge takes over.
And one have to be careful as the ignorant people do not only affect themselves, but they also affect other people. When a poor person is asked if they are poor, they say, ‘Yes;’ when a sick person is asked if they are sick, they say, ‘Yes;’ but when an ignorant person is told they are ignorant, they refuse that.
Ignorant people are now in power—can they guide their people‽” Here, we also note that Imam Ali (peace be upon him) wanted to draw people’s attention to the fact that ignorant people neither can properly communicate with intelligent people nor can benefit them, as they suffer from the composite ignorance
A person can inherit politeness, as Imam Ali (peace be upon him) says, and nothing inherited is better than politeness, noting that politeness shapes up the human’s personality, for it is the gate to learning, appreciating others, in addition to the fact that it is a great merit for one to be known as polite.
Consultation is great assistance for people in order to arrive at the best decision, and people should always ask one another, before they do something, seek advice, and discuss opinions in order to do the right thing. Reformers and wise people are known for seeking consultation of the known wise people around them, and such people always do the right thing.
Imam Ali (peace be upon him) has said: "He who acts solely according to his own opinion gets ruined, and he who consults other people share in their understanding." Hadith 161 in in the maxims of Imam Ali (peace be upon him) stated in Nahj al-Balagha.